Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune disease that means you can’t “catch” it from a friend, and it disrupts digestion in the small intestine, making it unable to absorb gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. Over time, if you continue to eat gluten-containing foods, inflammation can lead to other health problems and more serious health complications.
According to the nonprofit organization Beyond Celiac, 1 in 133 Americans has celiac disease; This is about 1% of our country’s population. Unfortunately, it is estimated that approximately 83 percent of Americans suffering from this disease are either undiagnosed or misdiagnosed with other medical conditions.
Celiac disease can be diagnosed, but you may not know that testing for celiac disease is an option. But before you book that appointment, there are some symptoms you should watch out for, and it’s worth asking your doctor about a gluten-free diet.
If you think you have symptoms of celiac disease and suspect you may have an autoimmune disease, these 10 warning signs may inspire you to get tested.
The woman is getting up in bed, but she is tired and sleepless
“People with celiac disease are malnourished, which can lead to fatigue. The ribs of the small intestine tend to fade and flatten (villous atrophy) and epithelial lymphocytes (inflammatory cells) at the border of the intestine increase, making the small intestine unable to absorb nutrients from food.” Monisha Bhanote, a triple-board-certified physician and yoga medicine instructor at Baptist MD Anderson Cancer Center, recommends: “The resulting damage can lead to malabsorption and malabsorption, leading to micronutrient deficiencies and ultimately fatigue and tiredness.”
Get toilet paper in the bathroom
“Believe it or not, some people think diarrhea is normal. It’s not!” Amanda A., RD, who serves on the Advisory Board for Smarter Healthy Living. Kostro Miller warns. “Normal, healthy stools should be soft, formed, and easy to pass. There are countless things that can cause frequent diarrhea, but if you have celiac disease, you may experience diarrhea after eating gluten. Diarrhea is the cause of your diarrhea because it causes dehydration! “
3 Depression and mood swings
Lonely young latina woman sitting on bed. Depressed hispanic girl at home looking away with sad eyes
One of the secret symptoms of gluten disease is manifested in the psychological field: “Gluten intolerance and celiac disease disrupt the structure of the normal intestinal microflora, and as a result, Candida albicans (yeast) in the intestine often overgrow,” explains Rheumatologist Alexander Shichman. and the owner of the Institute of Specialized Medicine.
“Candida overgrowth produces large amounts of histamine, causing allergic reactions and increasing the permeability of the blood-brain barrier. The blood-brain barrier prevents harmful substances from the blood from entering the brain. Byproducts of yeast metabolism (for example, ammonia) enter the bloodstream, affect brain function and cause depression and mood swings.”
Of course, depression and mood swings can be independent of celiac disease, but if you suffer from these problems and experience other symptoms of celiac disease, it may be worth getting tested.
4 Iron deficiency anemia
The woman is tired and unable to concentrate on her work
Anemia means that the blood does not have enough healthy red blood cells, the cells that carry oxygen to your body’s tissues. In fact, iron deficiency anemia is the cause of this common disease, which means that you are not getting enough iron-rich foods. “Anemia often goes away from many other causes, but if you have chronic anemia treated with supplements, it’s time to get tested for celiac disease,” shared Kylen Bogden, RD, founder of FWDfuel, a blog for athletes. with intestinal problems. “It’s because eating gluten changes the balance of bacteria in your gut, and your body produces less digestive enzymes, so you can’t properly digest and digest food.”
5 Stomach bloating
Woman holding a full stomach
Constant swelling? If you feel bloated after eating gluten-containing foods, it could be a sign of celiac disease: “If we take 100 people with these symptoms, two of them will have celiac disease. Because the small intestine loses its mucus, less of your food is absorbed. It’s not absorbed. your native bacteria happily feed on the rest,” says Glenn H. Englander, MD, of Gastro Group of the Palm Beaches. “It’s minor sprains and other general..
6 Difficulty controlling appetite
A hungry woman is looking for food in the refrigerator
You’ve probably heard of Ghrelin, the so-called “hunger hormone” that regulates your appetite, and is produced by special cells in your gastrointestinal tract. “Ghrelin is released when the stomach is empty. Production stops when the stomach is distended. Clinical studies have shown that adults and children with celiac disease have elevated blood levels of ghrelin relative to their age and healthy hormones. Administration A gluten-free diet normalizes ghrelin levels,” says Shichman.
Fat accumulation, along with other symptoms, can be a sign of celiac disease. “Leptin is a ‘satiety hormone’ released by fat cells that suppresses hunger and appetite. Leptin is counteracted by ghrelin. In obese individuals, hypothalamus cells in the brain are less sensitive to leptin, resulting in an inability to eat. Detects satiety despite high fat/energy stores.” .Recent research data suggests that at clinically relevant concentrations, gluten inhibits the binding of leptin to its receptor, leading to leptin resistance and obesity.”
7 Frequent nausea and/or vomiting
A young woman vomiting by the bathroom sink
“We’ve all had nausea for one reason or another, but if it seems to be regular (daily or weekly), the nausea (or worse, vomiting) may be a sign that you’re eating something your body isn’t digesting well.” Kostro warned. Miller. “If you notice nausea after eating gluten-containing foods, you may want to ask your doctor for a celiac test.” So give your doctor as complete a picture of your case as possible, and try to write down every time you feel nauseated or vomit and what you ate before.
Infertile woman taking a pregnancy test looks upset
Surprisingly, fertility problems can be related to gluten intolerance. “Infertility can be caused by nutritional deficiencies,” says Jason Reich, MD, a gastroenterologist at Southcoast Health, among other issues, “but it’s not as clear-cut and may be an immune-mediated phenomenon.” Bogden echoes Reich’s point: “We’re seeing more and more that infertility is very common in undiagnosed celiac disease. It’s hard to know why, but as health care providers, we believe that the body is smart enough to know that it can’t handle it. an autoimmune attack.”
Currently, research on the topic of celiac disease and infertility is mixed, but some studies show that people with celiac disease have difficulty getting pregnant and have an increased risk of miscarriage. In some cases, a woman with reproductive problems may have undiagnosed celiac disease. Diagnosis can be the first step in helping a woman achieve a live pregnancy. Learn more at Beyond Celiac.
9 Increased risk of fractures
A person with knee pain can fracture a bone
Suffering from poor bone strength or even unexplained fractures? “Chronic inflammatory diseases, including celiac disease, overproduce inflammatory cytokines, which activate osteoclasts and accelerate bone resorption, leading to osteoporosis and an increased risk of osteoporosis-related fractures,” Shichman said. In addition to celiac disease, there are countless other risk factors for osteoporosis.
RELATED: The Guide to an Anti-Inflammatory Diet That Can Heal Your Gut, Slow the Signs of Aging, and Help You Lose Weight
10 Itchy rash
woman scratching her itchy back with allergic rash
Officially known as dermatitis herpetiformis, this rash can be a sign of celiac disease. “Only about 20 percent of people with DH have intestinal symptoms. DH is called the ‘skin version of celiac disease,’ but most people with DH have small intestine damage similar to people with intestinal symptoms. Celiac disease,” says the Hospital and Public Health , said Diana Gariglio-Clelland, who worked in primary care and now works for Balance One Supplements.